What Does BBCOR Mean?

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What is a BBCOR Baseball Bat? What does the acronym BBCOR mean? BBCOR stands for Battle Ball Coefficient of Restitution. There is a standard test done to regulate the energy that is lost when the ball hits the bat. The higher the number the bat scores will determine the “trampoline effect” it will have when it hits a ball.

Standards Set for Baseball Bats

The NFHS “National Federation of High School” as well the NCAA “National Collegiate Athletic Association” have both set standards for which the baseball bats must meet, which is a maximum of 0.50 for a BBCOR bat, which is only slightly more than the average wooden bat. BBCOR bats cannot have a barrel diameter which is greater the 2 5/8 inches, with a length to weight ratio not more than -3, and the length cannot be larger than 36 inches.

Not surprisingly, the BBCOR bats drop 8 are such a premium made baseball bat that the manufacturers have gone above and beyond in ensuring that they meet these requirements for both high school and NCAA sports.

History of the BBCOR Bat

Composite bats were developed back in the 1980s originally for slow-pitch softball. Before composite bats were invented, there were aluminum and wooden bats. The composite bats had a “reinforced carbon fiber polymer” or composite which was constructed into the bat, making up most or all of the bat. If the bat is completely made of polymer alone, it is a composite bat; if it is constructed of polymer and aluminum or wood, it is called a composite hybrid bat. Composite bats have an added advantage over the all wood or aluminum bats in that they are more durable, have a more even weight distribution, better trampoline effect, and the damping rate is much higher which reduces hand sting.

Over time the construction of composite bats have improved the trampoline effect on the ball. During the 2009 NCAA Division I Baseball Tournament, composite bats were under scrutiny of the NCAA. Tests done on the composite bats after they were broken in showed performance stands well above the “accepted ball-exit ratio (BESR). The result was when the “Battle Ball Coefficient of Restitution” (BBCOR) standard was born and installed into practice 2001.

“Louisville Slugger” then created a slow-pitch bat that won the best performance award in the 2001 “bat wars.” Miken then created its own version of softball bat in 2002.

Different leagues have different standards for the bats that are used. Little leagues have governing rules about composite bats. High School (NFHS) and college (NCAA) baseball plays under BBCOR standards that are governed for them. The MLB or its affiliates do not allow the use of aluminum or composite bats.

Disadvantages of Using Composite Bats

Though there are few disadvantages to using composite bats, there are a few. Such as using in very cold weather, these bats tend to crack easily. Player safety was yet another concern, when in December 2010, the Little League announced a moratorium on playing with composite bats with concern for the safety of its younger players. Because of this BBCOR bats for Little League have a rating stamp of BPF 1.15. Which keeps the BBCOR trampoline effect to a safer standard rating.

Advantages of Composite Bats

There are many advantages to composite bats, and their performance has out done that of aluminum bats in slow-pitch softball leagues. “The five main advantages are the swing weight, trampoline effect, bending stiffness, bending vibrations and sound”.